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Kern River Valley Bird Checklist

Birds of the Kern River Watershed


Found in northeastern Kern County, the Kern River Valley is located between the protective reaches of the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains and the Piute Mountains. This unique region contains five of the six major habitat bioregions found in California and is within the Pacific Flyway. These unique factors contribute to amazing diversity of all life forms. Birds are no exception as 352 species have been found so far, with more being discovered each season. The South Fork of the Kern River Valley contains the largest remaining contiguous riparian forest in California. The geographic boundaries of this list include: Isabella Reservoir - the adjacent uplands - the South Fork Valley east to Canebrake and local forests, including the Greenhorns, up to Sequoia National Monument, Breckenridge, the Piutes and the Kern Plateau.

LEGEND

Symbols indicate the frequency of past observations of species in their proper habitat and season.

STATUS

(I) – introduced species.

W - wandering from primary range

V – vagrant, far from principle range.

M - known from montane habitat only

S - known from South Fork Valley only

D - known from desert habitat only

* - nesting species

*(?) – possible/probable breeding

( ) - parenthesis indicate nesting within habitat specified but known to wander into other areas

DISTRIBUTION

A - All Habitats

C - Chaparral

D - Desert

F - Foothills

G - Grassland

GB - Great Basin Desert

M - Marsh

Me - Meadow

MD - Mojave Desert

L - Lake/Reservoir

O - Desert Oasis

OW - Oak Woodland

PF - Pine/Fir Forest

PJ - Pinyon/Juniper Forest

R - River

RF - Riparian Forest

RS - Rocky Slopes

S - Suburban

SF - Sequoia Forest

SM - Salt Marsh

VS - Valley Scrub

SEASONS:

Spring: March – May

Summer: June – July

Fall: August – November

Winter: December – February

c common, easily seen daily.

f fairly common, seen most days.

u uncommon, present but easily missed.

i - irruptive, present some years and in various numbers

r rare, seldom seen.

x not expected, less than 5 records.

e extirpated, no longer occurs.

Status

Distribution

Sp

Su

F

W

Anseriformes - Screamers, Swans, Geese, and Ducks
   Swans, Geese, and Ducks - Anatidae

 

Tundra Swan

Cygnus columbianus

W

L,R

-

-

-

x

Greater White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

L,R

-

-

r

r

Snow Goose

Chen caerulescens

L,R,G

x

-

r

r

Ross's Goose

Chen rossii

L,R

-

-

r

r

Cackling Goose

Branta hutchinsii

L,M,R,G

-

-

r

r

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

L,M,R,G

-

-

r

u

Wood Duck

Aix sponsa

*

M,R

f

f

u

r

Green-winged Teal

Anas crecca

*

L,M,R

u

r

u

u

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

*

L,M,R,G,S

c

c

c

c

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

*

L,M,R

u

r

u

r

Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors

*(?)

M

r

r

-

-

Cinnamon Teal

Anas cyanoptera

*

L,M,R

u

u

u

r

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata

*(?)

L,M

u

r

u

u

Gadwall

Anas strepera

*

L,M,R

u

u

u

r

American Wigeon

Anas americana

L,M,R,G

u

-

u

u

Canvasback

Aythya valisineria

L,M,R

u

-

u

u

Redhead

Aythya americana

*

L,M,R

r

r

r

r

Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris

L,M,R

u

-

u

u

Tufted Duck

Aythya fuligula

V

L

-

-

-

x

Greater Scaup

Aythya marila

L

r

-

r

r

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis

L,M

u

-

u

u

Long-tailed Duck

Clangula hyemalis

V

L

-

-

-

x

Surf Scoter

Melanitta perspicillata

V

L

-

-

-

x

White-winged Scoter

Melanitta fusca

V

L

-

-

-

x

Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula

L,R

r

-

r

f

Barrow's Goldeneye

Bucephala islandica

V

L

-

-

-

x

Bufflehead

Bucephala albeola

L,M,R

u

x

-

u

Hooded Merganser

Lophodytes cucullatus

L,M,R

-

-

-

r

Common Merganser

Mergus merganser

*

L,M,R

u

u

u

c

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator

W

L

x

-

x

x

Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis

*

L,M,R

u

r

r

u

Galliformes - Gallinaceous Birds
   New World Quail - Odontophoridae

 

Mountain Quail

Oreortyx pictus

*

C, MD, PF

u

u

u

u

California Quail

Callipepla californica

*

A

c

c

c

c

Gambel's Quail

Callipepla gambelii

(I)*

C, MD

r

r

r

r

Bobwhite Quail

Callipepla gambelii

(I)

C, MD

x

x

x

x

  Partridges, Grouse, and Turkeys - Phasianidae

 

Chukar

Alectoris chukar

(I)*

G,MD

r

r

r

r

Ring-necked Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

(I)*

G,M

r

r

r

r

Sooty  Grouse

Dendragapus fuliginosus

M*

Me

r

r

r

r

Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo

(I)*

F,RF,PF

u

u

u

u

Gaviiformes - Loons

   Loons - Gaviidae

 

 

Red-throated Loon

Gavia stellata

V

L

-

x

x

x

Pacific Loon

Gavia pacifica

W

L

-

-

r

r

Common Loon

Gavia immer

L,R

r

x

r

r

Podicipediformes - Grebes

   Grebes - Podicipediformes

 

 

Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

*

M,L,R

u

u

u

u

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

W

L,R

x

-

r

r

Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps grisegena

V

L

-

-

x

x

Eared Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

*

M,L,R

u

r

u

u

Western Grebe

Aechmophorus occidentalis

*

L

c

c

c

c

Clark's Grebe

Aechmophorus clarkii

*

L

c

c

c

c

Suliformes - Frigatebirds, Boobies, Cormorants, Darters, and Allies

   Frigatebirds - Fregatidae

 

Magnificent Frigatebird

Fregata magnificens

V

L

-

x

-

-

   Cormorants - Phalacrocoracidae

 

Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus

L,R

c

u

c

c

Pelecaniformes - Pelicans, Herons, Ibises, and Allies

   Pelicans - Pelecanidae

 

American White Pelican

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

L,M

f

f

f

f

Brown Pelican

Pelecanus occidentalis

V

L

x

-

x

-

   Bitterns and Herons - Ardeidae

 

American Bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

e*

M

r

r

r

r

Least Bittern

Ixobrychus exilis

S*

M

r

r

-

-

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

*

L,M,R

c

c

c

c

Great Egret

Ardea alba

 

L,M,R

u

r

r

r

Snowy Egret

Egretta thula

L,M,R

u

r

r

-

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

G,M

r

-

r

-

Green Heron

Butorides virescens

*

M,R

r

r

r

-

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

*

L,M,R

u

u

u

u

   Ibises and Spoonbills - Threskiornithidae

 

White-faced Ibis

Plegadis chihi

M

r

-

u

-

Accipitriformes - Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and Allies

   American Vultures - Cathartidae

 

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

*

A

c

c

c

r

California Condor

Gymnogyps californianus

M,V

r

r

r

r

   Pandionidae - Ospreys            

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

*

R

u

u

u

r

   Kites, Eagles, Hawks, and Allies - Accipitridae

 

White-tailed Kite

Elanus leucurus

*

M,R

r

r

r

r

Mississippi Kite

Ictinia mississippiensis

V

M

x

-

-

-

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

L,R

u

x

r

c

Northern Harrier

Circus cyaneus

*

L,M,R,G

u

r

u

c

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter striatus

G,F

u

-

f

u

Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter cooperii

*

G,F,MD

u

r

f

u

Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

(M*)

PF

r

r

r

r

Red-shouldered Hawk

Buteo lineatus

*

RF,R,G

f

f

f

f

Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo platypterus

V

RF

-

-

x

-

Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni

RF,G

r

x

r

-

Zone-tailed Hawk

Buteo albonotatus

W

RF

x

x

x

-

Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

*

A

c

c

c

c

Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo regalis

MD,GB,G

r

-

r

u

Rough-legged Hawk

Buteo lagopus

G

-

-

r

r

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

*

G,F

u

u

u

u

Falconiformes - Caracaras and Falcons

   Caracaras and Falcons - Falconidae

 

Crested Caracara

Caracara cheriway

V

S

x

-

-

-

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

*

A

c

c

c

c

Merlin

Falco columbarius

G,F,RF

r

-

r

r

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

(M*)

G,F,RF

r

r

r

r

Prairie Falcon

Falco mexicanus

*

G

u

u

u

u

Gruiformes - Rails, Cranes, and Allies

   Rails, Gallinules, and Coots - Rallidae

 

Virginia Rail

Rallus limicola

*

M

u

u

u

u

Sora

Porzana carolina

*

M

u

u

u

u

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

*

M,L

r

r

-

r

American Coot

Fulica americana

*

M,R,L,G,S

c

c

c

c

   Cranes - Gruidae

 

Sandhill Crane

Grus canadensis

W

G,L,M

-

-

-

x

Charadriiformes - Shorebirds, Gulls, Auks, and Allies

   Plovers and Lapwings - Charadriidae

-

-

-

-

Black-bellied Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

L,M

r

-

r

-

Snowy Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus

M,SM

-

-

r

-

Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus

M

u

-

u

-

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus

*

L,M,R,G,S

c

c

c

c

   Stilts and Avocets - Recurvirostridae

 

Black-necked Stilt

Himantopus mexicanus

M,R

u

r

r

r

American Avocet

Recurvirostra americana

M,R

u

r

r

-

   Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and Allies - Scolopacidae

 

Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius

*

R

u

u

u

u

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria

M

r

-

r

-

Greater Yellowlegs

Tringa melanoleuca

M,R

f

x

u

r

Willet

Tringa semipalmata

M

r

x

r

-

Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes

M,R

-

-

r

-

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus

W

R,M

r

r

x

-

Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus

G,M

r

-

r

-

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa

M

r

-

r

-

Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

W

L

-

x

-

-

Red Knot

Calidris canutus

W

L

-

-

x

-

Sanderling

Calidris alba

W

L

-

-

x

-

Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri

L,M,R

f

u

f

r

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

L,M,R

f

u

f

u

Baird's Sandpiper

Calidris bairdii

R

-

r

r

-

Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos

R

-

-

r

-

Dunlin

Calidris alpina

L,M,R

r

-

r

r

Short-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus griseus

L,M,R

-

-

x

-

Long-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus

L,M,R

u

r

u

r

Wilson's Snipe

Gallinago delicata

*

M,R

u

u

u

f

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor

M,L

r

r

u

-

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

M,L

r

-

u

-

   Skuas, Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers - Laridae

 

Sabine's Gull

Xema sabini

W

L

-

-

x

-

Bonaparte's Gull

Chroicocephalus philadelphia

L,M

r

-

r

r

Laughing Gull

Leucophaeus atricilla

V

L

-

x

-

-

Franklin's Gull

Leucophaeus pipixcan

W

L

r

-

-

-

Mew Gull

Larus canus

W

L

-

-

-

x

Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis

L,M,R

c

u

c

c

California Gull

Larus californicus

L,M,R

c

f

c

c

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

L,M,R

-

-

u

u

Thayer's Gull

Larus thayeri

W

L

-

-

-

x

Glaucous-winged Gull

Larus glaucescens

V

L

-

-

-

x

Caspian Tern

Hydroprogne caspia

L,M,R

f

r

f

-

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

L,R

r

x

r

-

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo

W

L

-

-

x

-

Forster's Tern

Sterna forsteri

L,M,R

f

r

u

-

Columbiformes - Pigeons, and Doves

   Pigeons and Doves - Columbidae

 

Rock Pigeon

Columba livia

(I)*

S

u

u

u

u

Band-tailed Pigeon

Patagioenas fasciata

(M*)

C,F,M

u

u

u

u

Eurasian-collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

(I)

S

x

x

-

-

White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

V

GB

x

x

x

-

Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

*

A

c

c

c

f

Cuculiformes - Cuckoos and Allies

   Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and Anis - Cuculidae

 

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

S*

RF

x

u

r

-

Greater Roadrunner

Geococcyx californianus

*

G,M,F

u

u

u

u

Strigiformes - Owls

   Barn Owls - Tytonidae

 

 

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

*

G, C, RF, S

u

u

u

r

   Typical Owls - Strigidae

 

 

Flammulated Owl

Otus flammeolus

M*

SF, PF

r

r

r

r

Western Screech-Owl

Megascops kennicottii

*

RF

u

u

u

u

Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus

*

A

f

f

f

f

Northern Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium gnoma

(M*)

PF

u

u

u

u

Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia

*

G,S

r

r

r

r

Spotted Owl

Strix occidentalis

(M*)

PF

r

r

r

r

Long-eared Owl

Asio otus

*

RF

u

u

u

u

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

G

-

-

-

x

Northern Saw-whet Owl

Aegolius acadicus

(M*)

PF

u

u

u

u

Caprimulgiformes - Goatsuckers, Oilbirds, and Allies

   Goatsuckers - Caprimulgidae

 

Lesser Nighthawk

Chordeiles acutipennis

*

G,S,MD

u

u

r

-

Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

(M*)

GB

r

u

u

-

Common Poorwill

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

*

F,C,PF

u

u

u

x

Apodiformes - Swifts, and Hummingbirds

   Swifts - Apodidae

 

 

Black Swift

Cypseloides niger

*

R,G

r

u

-

-

Vaux's Swift

Chaetura vauxi

(M*)

MD,R

c

u

r

-

White-throated Swift

Aeronautes saxatalis

*

R,MD,RF

c

c

c

u

   Hummingbirds - Trochilidae

 

 

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Cynanthus latirostris

V

RF

x

-

x

-

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri

*

A

c

c

u

-

Anna's Hummingbird

Calypte anna

*

A

c

c

c

r

Costa's Hummingbird

Calypte costae

(D*)

MD,GB,G

c

c

c

x

Calliope Hummingbird

Stellula calliope

(M*)

PF,RF

u

c

r

-

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Selasphorus platycercus

V

RF,PF

x

x

-

-

Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

A

u

c

c

-

Allen's Hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin

RF,PF

x

x

x

-

Coraciiformes - Rollers, Motmots, Kingfishers, and Allie

   Kingfishers - Alcedinidae

 

Belted Kingfisher

Megaceryle alcyon

*

R,L,M

u

r

u

u

Piciformes - Puffbirds, Jacamars, Toucans, Woodpeckers, and Allies

   Woodpeckers and Allies - Picidae

 

Lewis's Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis

F

i

x

i

i

Acorn Woodpecker

Melanerpes formicivorus

*

A

f

f

f

f

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

V

PF,F,RF

-

-

-

x

Red-naped Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus nuchalis

RF,F,PF

r

-

r

r

Red-breasted Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus ruber

(M*)

RF,F,PF

u

u

u

u

Williamson's Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus thyroideus

(M*)

RF,F,PF

u

u

u

r

Ladder-backed Woodpecker

Picoides scalaris

(D*)

MD,GB

f

f

f

f

Nuttall's Woodpecker

Picoides nuttallii

*

RF,F,PF

c

c

c

c

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

*

RF,F,PF

c

c

c

u

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

*

RF,F,PF

f

f

f

f

White-headed Woodpecker

Picoides albolarvatus

(M*)

PF,RF

c

c

c

c

Black-backed Woodpecker

Picoides arcticus

W*?

burnt lodgepole

x

x

x

x

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

*

A

c

c

c

c

Pileated Woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus

(M*)

PF,SF

r

r

r

r

Passeriformes - Passerine Birds

   Tyrant Flycatchers - Tyrannidae

 

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus cooperi

(M*)

PF,RF

u

u

r

-

Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus sordidulus

*

A

c

c

u

-

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

V

PF

-

x

-

-

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

V

PF,RF

-

x

-

-

Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii

S*

RF

f

f

u

-

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

V

RF

x

x

-

-

Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii

*

RF,MD

u

u

r

-

Dusky Flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri

*

RF,MD

u

u

r

-

Gray Flycatcher

Empidonax wrightii

*

RF,MD

u

u

r

-

Pacific-slope Flycatcher

Empidonax difficilis

*(?)

RF,MD

f

u

u

x

Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans

*

R,M,L,RF

c

c

c

c

Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe

V

R,RF,M

-

-

-

x

Say's Phoebe

Sayornis saya

*

R,M,L,RF,S

u

u

u

u

Vermilion Flycatcher

Pyrocephalus rubinus

S*

RF,MD,GB

r

r

-

x

Ash-throated Flycatcher

Myiarchus cinerascens

*

MD,RF

c

c

r

-

Brown-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus

S*

RF

u

u

-

-

Tropical Kingbird

Tyrannus melancholicus

V

RF

-

-

x

-

Cassin's Kingbird

Tyrannus vociferans

S*

S

r

r

r

-

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

*

A

c

c

r

-

Eastern Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus

V

RF

x

x

-

-

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus forficatus

V

RF

-

-

x

-

   Shrikes - Laniidae

 

 

Northern Shrike

Lanius excubitor

W

L,RF

x

-

-

x

Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

*

A

u

u

u

u

   Vireos - Vireonidae

 

 

White-eyed Vireo

Vireo griseus

V

O

x

-

-

-

Bell's Vireo

Vireo bellii

e*

RF, O

x

x

x

-

Gray Vireo

Vireo vicinior

e*

PJ

e

e

e

-

Yellow-throated Vireo

Vireo flavifrons

V

M, O

x

x

-

-

Plumbeous Vireo

Vireo plumbeus

(M*)

GB

u

u

u

x

Cassin's Vireo

Vireo cassinii

(M*)

RF, O, PF

u

u

u

-

Hutton's Vireo

Vireo huttoni

M*

PF

f

f

u

-

Warbling Vireo

Vireo gilvus

*

RF, PF

f

f

u

-

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

(S*)V

RF

r

r

-

-

   Jays, Magpies, and Crows - Corvidae

 

Steller's Jay

Cyanocitta stelleri

(M*)

PF, SF

c

c

c

c

Western Scrub-Jay

Aphelocoma californica

*

RF, C

c

c

c

c

Pinyon Jay

Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

(M*)

PJ, PF

u

u

u

u

Clark's Nutcracker

Nucifraga columbiana

(M*)

PF, SF

u

u

u

u

American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos

W

G, C, S

x

-

x

-

Common Raven

Corvus corax

*

G, C, PF, D

c

c

c

c

   Larks - Alaudidae

 

 

 

Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris

*

G, MD

c

c

c

c

   Swallows - Hirundinidae

 

 

Purple Martin

Progne subis

OW

x

-

-

-

Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor

*

RF, G

c

c

c

-

Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina

*

PF, GB

c

c

c

-

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

*

RF, G, L

u

u

u

-

Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia

RF, L

r

-

r

-

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

*

A

u

r

r

x

Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

*

S, RF, L

c

c

c

-

   Titmice - Paridae

 

 

Mountain Chickadee

Poecile gambeli

(M*)

PF, SF, OW

c

c

c

c

Oak Titmouse

Baeolophus inornatus

*

OW, RF, C

c

c

c

c

   Penduline Tits and Verdins - Remizidae

           

Verdin

Auriparus flaviceps

D*

D

u

u

u

u

   Long-tailed Tits and Bushtits - Aegithalidae

 

Bushtit

Psaltriparus minimus

*

A

c

c

c

c

   Nuthatches - Sittidae

 

 

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis

(M*)

PF, SF, Me

c

c

c

c

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

*

C, PF, RF, OW

c

c

c

c

Pygmy Nuthatch

Sitta pygmaea

M*

PF,SF

c

c

c

c

   Creepers - Certhiidae

 

 

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

(M*)

PF, SF, Me, S

u

u

u

u

   Wrens - Troglodytidae

 

 

Cactus Wren

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

D*

D

u

u

u

u

Rock Wren

Salpinctes obsoletus

*

C, D, F, R

u

u

u

u

Canyon Wren

Catherpes mexicanus

*

R, F, C, G

u

u

u

u

Bewick's Wren

Thryomanes bewickii

*

RF, R,

c

c

c

c

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

*

RF, OW, F, S

c

c

f

r

Pacific Wren (Winter)

Troglodytes pacificus

(M*)

PF

r

r

r

r

Marsh Wren

Cistothorus palustris

*

M

r

r

u

c

   Gnatcatchers and Gnatwrens - Polioptilidae

 

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Polioptila caerulea

*

VS, O, GB, M

u

u

u

-

   Dippers - Cinclidae

 

 

American Dipper

Cinclus mexicanus

*

R

u

u

u

u

   Kinglets - Regulidae

 

 

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

(M*)

PF

c

c

c

c

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula

A

c

-

c

c

   Sylviid Warblers - Sylviidae

 

 

Wrentit

Chamaea fasciata

*

C

c

c

c

c

   Solitaires, Thrushes, and Allies - Turdidae

 

Western Bluebird

Sialia mexicana

*

A

c

c

c

c

Mountain Bluebird

Sialia currucoides

(M*)

G, D, M, Me

u

u

u

u

Townsend's Solitaire

Myadestes townsendi

(M*)

C, PF, OW

u

u

u

u

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

RF, PF, O

f

r

r

-

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

(M*)

RF, C, O, Pf

u

u

u

u

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

*

A

c

c

c

f

Varied Thrush

Ixoreus naevius

PF, OW, C

i

-

i

i

   Mockingbirds, Thrashers, and Allies - Mimidae

 

Gray Catbird

Dumetella carolinensis

S

O, RF

-

-

x

-

Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos

*

A

f

f

f

f

Sage Thrasher

Oreoscoptes montanus

D, GB

r

-

r

r

Brown Thrasher

Toxostoma rufum

V

S, RF

x

x

x

-

Bendire's Thrasher

Toxostoma bendirei

D*

D

r

r

-

-

California Thrasher

Toxostoma redivivum

*

RF, OW

u

u

u

u

Le Conte's Thrasher

Toxostoma lecontei

D*

D

r

r

r

r

   Starlings and Allies - Sturnidae

 

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

(I)*

A

c

c

c

c

   Wagtails and Pipits - Motacillidae

 

American Pipit

Anthus rubescens

G, L

u

-

u

u

   Waxwings - Bombycillidae

 

 

Bohemian Waxwing

Bombycilla garrulus

V

 

x

-

-

-

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

RF, S, OW

f

r

u

u

   Silky-flycatchers - Ptilogonatidae

 

Phainopepla

Phainopepla nitens

*

OW, C

u

u

u

u

   Longspurs and Snow Buntings - Calcariidae

           

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus

V

G

-

-

x

-

   Wood-Warblers - Parulidae

 

 

Golden-winged Warbler

Vermivora chrysoptera

V

O

-

-

x

-

Tennessee Warbler

Oreothlypis peregrina

V

O

r

-

x

-

Orange-crowned Warbler

Oreothlypis celata

(M*)

RF, M, O

c

r

f

r

Nashville Warbler

Oreothlypis ruficapilla

(M*)

OW, RF, O

c

c

c

-

Virginia's Warbler

Oreothlypis virginiae

V

O

-

-

x

-

Lucy's Warbler

Oreothlypis luciae

W*

PJ, O

-

x

-

-

Northern Parula

Parula americana

V

RF, O

x

x

x

-

Yellow Warbler

Dendroica petechia

*

RF, O

c

c

u

-

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

V

O

x

-

-

-

Magnolia Warbler

Dendroica magnolia

V

O

x

-

-

-

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

V

O

x

-

x

-

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica coronata

(M*)

PF, RF, G

c

c

f

f

Black-throated Gray Warbler

Dendroica nigrescens

(M*)

RF, C, OW, O

u

u

u

x

Townsend's Warbler

Dendroica townsendi

O, S, C

r

-

r

-

Hermit Warbler

Dendroica occidentalis

(M*)

C, O

u

u

u

x

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

V

O, RF

x

-

-

-

Yellow-throated Warbler

Dendroica dominica

V OW, O - - x -

Grace's Warbler

Dendroica graciae

V PJ x x - -

Palm Warbler

Dendroica palmarum

V M, O - - - x

Blackpoll Warbler

Dendroica striata

V RF, O x - - -

Black-and-white Warbler

Mniotilta varia

W

O

r

r

r

x

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

W

O

r

r

r

-

Prothonotary Warbler

Protonotaria citrea

V

O

x

-

-

-

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapillus

V

O

x

-

-

-

Northern Waterthrush

Parkesia noveboracensis

V

O

x

x

x

-

Kentucky Warbler

Oporornis formosus

V

O

x

x

-

-

MacGillivray's Warbler

Oporornis tolmiei

(M*)

MD, OW, O

u

u

u

x

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

*

M, RF, O

c

c

f

r

Hooded Warbler

Wilsonia citrina

V*

O

x

x

-

-

Wilson's Warbler

Wilsonia pusilla

(M*)

RF, O, S

c

u

c

-

Canada Warbler

Wilsonia canadensis

V

O

-

-

x

-

Yellow-breasted Chat

Icteria virens

*

RF, O

u

u

r

-

   Sparrows - Emberizidae

 

 

Green-tailed Towhee

Pipilo chlorurus

(M*)

C, PF, Me

r

u

r

-

Spotted Towhee

Pipilo maculatus

*

C, PF, RF, OW

c

c

c

c

California Towhee

Melozone crissalis

*

VS, RS

c

c

c

c

Cassin's Sparrow

Peucaea cassinii

V

G, MD

-

x

-

-

Rufous-crowned Sparrow

Aimophila ruficeps

*

RS, C

u

u

r

r

American Tree Sparrow

Spizella arborea

V

G

-

-

-

x

Chipping Sparrow

Spizella passerina

(M*)

Me, PF

c

c

c

-

Clay-colored Sparrow

Spizella pallida

V

G

-

-

x

-

Brewer's Sparrow

Spizella breweri

*

MD, O, PJ, PF

f

f

u

-

Black-chinned Sparrow

Spizella atrogularis

*

C, RS

u

u

u

-

Vesper Sparrow

Pooecetes gramineus

*

OW

r

r

r

r

Lark Sparrow

Chondestes grammacus

*

RD, MD, O

c

c

c

c

Black-throated Sparrow

Amphispiza bilineata

(D*)

MD, O

u

u

u

r

Sage Sparrow

Amphispiza belli

*

MD, VS, O

u

r

r

u

Lark Bunting

Calamospiza melanocorys

V

 

-

-

-

-

Savannah Sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis

*

G

c

c

c

u

Grasshopper Sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

*

G

r

r

r

-

Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca

(M*)

PF, RF

u

-

u

r

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

*

RF, M

c

c

c

c

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

*

M

f

-

f

f

Swamp Sparrow

Melospiza georgiana

W

M

x

-

x

x

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

W

OW, PJ, S

x

-

r

r

Harris's Sparrow

Zonotrichia querula

V

VS

x

-

x

x

White-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys

(M*)

A

c

-

c

c

Golden-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia atricapilla

VS, C, OW

u

-

u

u

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

(M*)

A

c

-

u

c

   Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Tanagers and Allies - Cardinalidae

 

Summer Tanager

Piranga rubra

S*

RF, O

u

c

u

-

Western Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana

(M*)

PF, RF. O

c

c

c

c

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

W

O, RF

r

r

x

-

Black-headed Grosbeak

Pheucticus melanocephalus

*

PF, RF, S

c

c

f

-

Blue Grosbeak

Passerina caerulea

*

G, RF

c

c

f

-

Lazuli Bunting

Passerina amoena

*

RF, G

c

c

f

-

Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea

S*

RF

r

r

r

-

Dickcissel

Spiza americana

V

G

-

x

-

-

   Blackbirds and Allies - Icteridae

 

Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

*

M, Me, RF, G

c

c

c

c

Tricolored Blackbird

Agelaius tricolor

*

M, RF, G

c

c

c

u

Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta

*

M, G, VS

c

c

c

u

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

*

G

u

r

r

-

Rusty Blackbird

Euphagus carolinus

V

G

-

-

-

x

Brewer's Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus

*

S, G

c

c

c

c

Common Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula

V

G

-

-

x

-

Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus

*

S, G

r

r

r

-

Bronzed Cowbird

Molothrus aeneus

V

O

x

x

-

-

Brown-headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater

*

G, RF, VS

c

c

c

u

Hooded Oriole

Icterus cucullatus

*

D, S

u

u

u

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

V

S

x

x

-

-

Bullock's Oriole

Icterus bullockii

*

A

c

c

u

x

Scott's Oriole

Icterus parisorum

(D*)

D, PJ

r

r

r

x

   Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies - Fringillidae

 

Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus

(M*)

PF

c

c

u

u

Cassin's Finch

Carpodacus cassinii

(M*)

PF

c

c

c

u

House Finch

Carpodacus mexicanus

*

A

c

c

c

c

Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra

(M*)

PF

u

u

u

r

Pine Siskin

Spinus pinus

(M*)

PF,RF,S

u

u

u

i

Lesser Goldfinch

Spinus psaltria

*

A

c

c

c

c

Lawrence's Goldfinch

Spinus lawrencei

*

RF,F,MD

c

c

u

x

American Goldfinch

Spinus tristis

A

r

-

r

r

Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes vespertinus

(M*)

RF,F

r

r

r

r

   Old World Sparrows - Passeridae

 

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

(I)*

A

c

c

c

c

Alison Sheehey prepared this updated version. Bird species current as of March 21, 2011 List names and order conform with AOU 7th edition, 51st supplement standards. This list is based on information and prior checklists compiled and supplied by Bob Barnes, Tony Farman, Terri Gallion, Stephen Laymon, and John Wilson.

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